Effective protection from accidental trapping of fingers between the door leaf and the door frame

Power-operated doors pose a hazard to vulnerable people (e.g. children) in all areas that are open to the public. The absence of safeguards result in repeated accidents with injuries related to trapping. Athmer finger protection systems prevent injuries and have proven themselves in practice for more than 30 years.

DIN EN 16005

Safety in use - Requirements and test methods

The EN 16005 standard defines the safety requirements and test methods for power-operated doors.

EN 16005 is a harmonised European standard which applies in all CEN member states. As a result, the requirement of safeguarding the closing edges of power-operated doors applies throughout Europe. The EN 16005 standard has been in force since 2013. Before this, similar requirements were stipulated in the standard DIN 18650 for automatic door systems which was came into force in July 2006.

The following points in relation to the safety of the closing edges of doors are defined in the standard:

  • Power-operated doors designated as automatic door systems are all doors whose wings are not moved by manual or stored energy but with an external (e.g. electrical) power supply.
  • Power-operated doors must be designed so as to prevent or safeguard against crushing, shearing, knocking or draw-in hazard points during opening and closing. (EN 16005, 4.6.1)
  • Hazard points which present a risk of entrapping fingers on the secondary closing edges between the door leaf and the door frame must be prevented by the design:

1 rubber cover, 2 Rubber or fabric cover, 3 Profile construction (DIN EN 16005, Picture 3: Examples of safety measures on swing doors)

  • Safety devices on the closing edges which safeguard against a finger trapping hazard must be designed so as to safeguard hazard points on the door leaf (between the bottom and the top of the door leaf) up to a height of at least 2,000 mm above the floor surface.

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EC Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC

The risk assessment is regulated by EN ISO 12100. For this reason, crushing and shearing hazards on the closing edges must be identified. The door must be designed and built to take account of the results of this risk assessment. The manufacturer is deemed to be whoever assembles the door and actuator and launches them onto the marke

In the case of swing doors, this is generally the metalworking company. Once door systems have been acceptance tested, the responsibility for their safe working order and operation passes to the operator of the door system. 

DIN 18040 – Barrier-free construction

The DIN 18040 standard defines that doors must open and close with a minimum of effort. As an example, operating forces of 25 N for opening the door leaf of swing doors and sliding doors are specified. If it is not possible to achieve this, e.g. with heavy entrance doors, or fire and smoke doors, the use of power-operated doors is prescribed. In this case, the standard EN 16005 also applies here, including the previously described safety requirements.

ASR A1.7 – Doors and gates

The ASR A1.7 applies for setting up and operating doors and gates in buildings and on the premises as well as in commercial facilities located on the premises of a business or a building site and which employees have access to as a result of their work. In the case of power-operated doors and gates, an effective safeguard against mechanical hazards must be available up to a height of 2.50 m from the ground or from another permanent access level. This can be achieved by a single measure or a combination of the following safeguarding measures: (ASR A1.7, section 6)

  • Keeping a safe distance
  • Installation of separating protective equipment at the closing edges, such as housings, covers, panelling, fixed protection wings
  • Suitable shaping of wing surfaces and protruding parts
  • Installation of switching protective devices (pressure sensitive or touch-free protective devices)
  • The effort required for opening or closing by hand should not exceed 220 N for doors, and 260 N for gates.

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